Diclomax

Printer-friendly version

What is Diclomax?

Diclomax SR capsules and Diclomax Retard capsules contain the active ingredient diclofenac sodium, which is a type of medicine called a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). NSAIDs are used to relieve pain and inflammation caused by musculo-skeletal disorders, sprains, strains, back pain, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.

How does it work?

Diclofenac works by blocking the action of a substance in the body called cyclo-oxygenase (COX). Cyclo-oxygenase is involved in the production of various chemicals in the body, some of which are known as prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are produced by the body in response to injury and certain diseases and conditions, and cause pain, swelling and inflammation. Diclofenac blocks the production of these prostaglandins and is therefore effective at reducing inflammation and pain.

Diclofenac is used to relieve pain and inflammation in a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including various forms of arthritis, gout, sprains, fractures, dislocations, back pain, tendonitis, tenosynovitis, bursitis? and frozen shoulder. It is also used to relieve pain and inflammation following dental, orthopaedic (joints/bone) and other minor surgery.

Diclomax SR capsules and Diclomax Retard capsules are sustained-release capsules. They are designed to release the diclofenac slowly and continuously over a few hours. This provides prolonged pain relief, so the capsules are usually taken once (Retard) or twice (SR) a day. These capsules must be swallowed whole to avoid damaging the sustained-release action.

Both types of capsule should preferably be taken with food to help avoid irritating the stomach.

Who can get it?

Available on prescription for those over the age of 18.

How is Diclomax taken?

Diclomax SR

Adults: The normal dose is one or two 75mg capsules daily with or after food.
Children: Diclomax SR is not recommended for children.

Diclomax Retard

Adults: The normal dose is one capsule daily with or after food.
Children: Diclomax Retard is not recommended for children.

What are the side effects?

Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with NSAIDs. Because a side effect is stated here, it does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect.

  • Disturbances of the gut such as diarrhoea, constipation, nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain
  • Indigestion (dyspepsia)
  • Excess gas in the stomach and intestines (flatulence)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Balance disorders involving the inner ear (vertigo)
  • Skin rashes
  • Ulceration of the stomach or intestine
  • Bleeding from the stomach or intestine
  • Allergic reactions such as skin rashes, swelling of the lips, tongue and throat (angioedema) or narrowing of the airways (bronchospasm)
  • Drowsiness
  • Fluid retention (oedema)
  • Kidney, liver or blood disorders

Marketed by

Diclomax is marketed in the UK by Galen Ltd.